WHAT IS A MANIC EPISODE? AND HOW IS IT DIFFERENT FROM A HYPOMANIC EPISODE?
Mania (or a manic episode) refers to an extremely high mood that lasts for at least a week. The person will have increased energy levels with a need for less sleep than normal; they may have an exaggerated sense of their abilities and partake in risky behavior, such as extreme spending, reckless driving, and unsafe sex. During a manic episode, people tend to have racing thoughts and bizarre ideas. Typically the changes in a person’s mood are severe enough to cause disruption and are evident to family and friends.
Hypomania (or a hypomanic episode) is a less severe form of mania. It’s an elevated mood accompanied by behavior that is different from the person’s baseline. During a hypomanic episode the individual is normally able to function in their everyday life; the symptoms do not typically cause the problems that a manic episode can often lead to.